Diagnosis, behavior prediction and remediation strategies
The fate of an object, whatever its size (nanometric to monumental), its origin and its chemical nature (mineral, organic, metallic or hybrid) is to evolve irremediably with time and the environment that surrounds it. The DIM encourages strong interactions between the implementation of conservation-restoration processes and upstream research on the bio-physical-chemical processes that control the different stages of evolution of objects, by their alteration or fossilization/mineralization.
This axis favors the close articulation between multi-scale physico-chemical diagnosis and the implementation of conceptual or statistical models allowing a better understanding of the phenomena, beyond the specific object studied. The use of chemical-transport or geochemical models is a particularly suitable approach to study and predict the long-term behavior of heritage materials, leading to the production of decision-making tools for scientists and heritage professionals.
It is also a question of promoting “sustainable” research on conservation-restoration issues. The use of non-destructive or non-invasive techniques in diagnosis is matched by the development of “green restoration” methodologies that respect and protect the object and its environment in order to perpetuate its longevity. Particular attention is paid to study the impact of the environment on the behavior of sensitive materials, which are highly reactive to climatic variations, pollutants or light, with the aim of setting up preventive conservation strategies that respect the challenges of sustainable development and of tracing back the atmospheric conditions of the past (pollutants, etc.). Because each object is a bearer of stories to be passed on, projects that shed light on the causes, evolution and conservation-restoration mechanisms of these heritage objects are expected in this axis.